The Human Powered Submarine Team has been in existence at Virginia Tech since its conception in 1993. Since then, it has served as a way for engineering students from many different disciplines to implement design conception and realization. The first submarine built was Phantom 1, a two-man submarine made of fiberglass. After construction was complete, Phantom 1 was ready for racing, but, unfortunately, suffered fatal problems come race time. The submarine team slowed down a bit after experiencing racing problems, but was revived in 1995 when design efforts for a new two-man submarine, the Phantom 2 commence. The propulsion system consisted of a chain and gear drive system using an ultra-light helicopter tail rotor for a propeller. Although the team learned valuable lessons as a result of Phantom 1's problems, Phantom 2 still experiences problems at races. After various parts of Phantom 2 are redesigned, it is once again ready for racing and proves that the redesign was well worth the time and effort. In 1997, Phantom 2 not only finishes its first race, held in San Diego, California, but comes in third. This success sparks yet another revival of the submarine team and design for the team's current project, the Phantom 3, a one-man submarine, is started. In 1998, the plug for Phantom 3 is built and the hull is constructed. With so many past problems from which to learn, Phantom 3 promises to be the fastest and best-designed submarine the team has developed thus far. The current speed world-record is 7 knots.